Iowa Mumps Epidemic Puzzles Officials – of 245 cases 66% had recieved two doses of vaccine and 14% had recieved one dose of vaccine.

As of Thursday, 245 confirmed, probable or suspected cases of mumps had been reported to the Iowa Department of Public Health since mid-January. The federal Centers for Disease Control and Prevention said it is the only major outbreak in the nation.

“We are calling this an epidemic, not just an outbreak,” said Iowa state epidemiologist Dr. Patricia Quinlisk, explaining that mumps has spread to more than one-third of the state and does not appear to be confined to certain age groups or other sectors of the population.

A mumps vaccine was introduced in 1967. Iowa law requires schoolchildren to be vaccinated, and the state’s last major outbreak was in 1987, when 476 people were infected.

Of the 245 patients this year, at least 66 percent had had the recommended two-shot vaccination, while 14 percent had received one dose, the Public Health Department said.

“The vaccine is working,” Quinlisk said. “The vaccine certainly was made to cover this particular strain, because it’s a fairly common strain of mumps.” Quinlisk said the vaccine overall is considered about 95 percent effective.

Quinlisk said the mumps started in eastern Iowa and is spreading statewide and possibly into the neighboring states of Illinois, Minnesota and Nebraska. Those states may have one or two cases of the mumps, she said.

When 11-year-old Will Hean of Davenport starting feeling sick in mid-January, his family thought he had a bad case of the flu. But his face and throat swelled and his temperature climbed to 103. His parents took him to the doctor, and he was diagnosed to their surprise with full-blown mumps.

The Associated Press. 31st March 2006.

Mumps Virus Found In Baby’s Bronchial Tract

VAERS ID 255329

A 13 month old girl who was taking inhaled cortosteroids was vaccinated with MMR and varicella vaccines on 1st April 2006.

Concomitant vaccine administered on the same day included a doe of measles mumps rubella vaccine. Concomitant therapy included an inhaled corticosteroid unspecified. On 4/9/2006 the patient was diagnosed with adenosine deaminase deficiency and the mumps virus had been isolated from her bronchial tract. The patient was hospitalized and died 16 days later.

VAN UK’S COMMENT: Taking cortosteroids are a contraindication as listed in the Merck Manual.

Mumps Despite Shots

In a study reported in last week’s New England Journal of Medicine, researchers from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and several Midwestern state health departments examined the 6,584 cases in the Midwestern outbreak. They found that the incidence was four times higher among people 18 to 24 years old than in all other age groups combined. This was despite the fact that 84% of the mumps patients in that age group (and 63% of the patients overall) had received the recommended two doses of mumps vaccine.

“Close-contact living conditions, like on college campuses, helped spread the disease,” says Jane Seward, the CDC’s deputy director of the division of viral diseases and an author of the study. But it also appears that, in some vaccinated people, there was a decrease in immunity over time.

Source: The Los Angeles Times, Susan Brink, 14th April 2008.

93% – 100% of Mumps Cases At 3 Universities Were Fully Vaccinated With Two Doses Of MMR

According to the meeting notes of the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices, dated October 25th and 26th, 2006, three outbreaks of mumps at university campuses were in the vaccinated.

Between 93% and 100% had been given two doses of MMR.

Not only that, but the disease did NOT spread to the unvaccinated.

‘Few infants, schools and daycare outbreaks have been reported with no spread to unvaccinated populations noted at this time.’

They asked the following questions in their meeting notes:

Is there a high number of mumps cases due to vaccine failure?

Would a THIRD dose of MMR be useful at preventing an outbreak?

Can mumps be eliminated using the current MMR vaccine?

The full meeting notes can be read at:

VAN UK’S Comment: If Two MMR vaccines didn’t work, why would a third one?

Update On Mumps Cases In Wales – Cases Have Risen From 13 To 21 And 18 Of The 21 Cases Are In The Vaccinated

THE number of people suffering from mumps in Anglesey and Gwynedd has risen to 21.

The majority of cases – 18 – are in young people who have already received two doses of the MMR vaccination, which protects against measles, mumps and rubella.

The National Public Health Service for Wales is urging people in the area to ensure they have had two doses of MMR.

Dr Judy Hart, a consultant in communicable disease control for the NPHS, said: “The MMR vaccine is extremely effective in protecting against measles and rubella, with 99% of those who have received two doses protected for many years.

Source: WalesOnline, by Madelaine Brindley, 29 January 2009.

VAN UK’S Comment: They just said 18 of the 21 cases had TWO doses of MMR, yet they say it’s so effective? The proof is right there that it isn’t. Such good advertising for the jab!

Post-Vaccine Mumps Like Disease In Military Recruits In Italy

Italian military recruits have received mandatory mumps vaccination by Urabe Am9 strain since 1998. A previous study1 found that, in 1999, 37 episodes of mumps-like disease were found in recipients of the vaccine, and that 35 of these occurred within 1 month of immunization. To assess whether these cases were due to some expected residual virulence of the live attenuated Urabe Am9 mumps strain, we analyzed saliva samples from recruits who developed mumps-like disease within 1 month of vaccination.

Source: JAMA Vol. 287 No. 9, March 6, 2002.

Mumps Cases Rise By 50% In England And Wales – The Reason IS NOT Lack Of MMR

In January there were 265 cases of mumps in England and Wales, compared to 177 in the same month last year and 150 in January 2007.

Some have had one dose of the MMR jab but this has been shown not to offer full protection.

An epidemic of mumps struck the same group in 2005 when there were 43,000 cases. Since then cases of mumps have declined but remained higher than normal.

The rise is not due to low uptake rates of the MMR jab because the cases have not been seen in the younger age groups who should receive the vaccine.

Dr Mary Ramsay, who monitors mumps cases at the Health Protection Agency said: “The increased occurrence of the disease is mainly among older teenagers and young adults in their early twenties, and mostly among those in further or higher education establishments.

Source: The Telegraph, by Rebecca Smith, 13 March 2009.

VAN UK’s Comment: These adults are getting mumps now, with a greater risk of mumps-meningitis, because they had the single measles shot as babies. If they had been allowed to get mumps as a child, they would not have this problem now.

Early Waning of Mumps Vaccine In Spanish Children

We evaluated the effectiveness of the Jeryl Lynn strain vaccine in a large outbreak of mumps in Navarre, Spain, 2006–2008. Each of the 241 cases of mumps occurring in children over 15 months of age born between 1998 and 2005 was compared with 5 controls individually matched by sex, birth date, district of residence and paediatrician. Vaccination history was obtained blindly from clinical records. Conditional logistic regression was used to obtain the matched odds ratios (ORs), and effectiveness was calculated as 1 − OR. Some 70% of cases had received one dose of measles–mumps–rubella vaccine, and 24% had received two doses. Overall vaccine effectiveness was 72% (95% CI, 39–87%). Two doses were more effective (83%; 54–94%) than a single dose (66%; 25–85%). Among vaccinated children, risk was higher in those who had received the first dose after 36 months of age (OR = 3.1; 1.2–8.4) and those who had received the second dose 3 or more years before study enrolment (OR = 10.2; 1.5–70.7). Early waning of immunity in children after the second dose may contribute to reduced vaccine effectiveness for mumps prevention.

Source: Vaccine, Volume 27, Issue 15, 26 March 2009, Pages 2089-2093

46% of Mumps Cases Were In People Who Had TWO Doses Of MMR, Opposed To 25% of Cases In People Unvaccinated For MMR

Mumps outbreaks are affecting 15 times the number hit by the virus in the same period last year, writes Nick O’Donoghue

By the second week of March, there were 981 cases of mumps notified to the Health Protection Surveillance Centre (HPSC) since the beginning of the year, with 453 cases notified in February alone – the greatest number reported in any one month period since the outbreak began in 2004.

Those most affected are between the ages of 15 to 24 years (66.5 per cent), with slightly more males (54.8 per cent) than females having been reported.

Since the beginning of 2009, 16 new outbreaks have been reported in colleges/universities and other educational facilities (school, crèches).

Vaccination status was reported for 41 per cent of all cases, of whom 25 per cent were unvaccinated, 29 per cent were incompletely vaccinated, and 46 per cent reported two doses of vaccine.

Despite this they say that the reason that mumps is increasing is because people are only getting one dose of vaccine, when they just said further up the article that 46% had two doses of vaccine and only 25% had no vaccine.

Source: Irish Medical News,31 March 2009.

Three Doses Of MMR Needed Because Two Don’t Work

Following recent mumps outbreaks in highly vaccinated populations, researchers and public health officials are exploring the possibility that a routine third vaccine dose may be needed.

Routine two-dose programs for measles elimination using measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine were introduced in the U.S. in 1989 and in Canada in 1996/97. Many European countries have also adopted a routine two-dose schedule.
Click here to find out more!

But several countries saw sudden, unexpected mumps outbreaks among young adults who were largely covered by two MMR doses. Canada, too, had mumps outbreaks in 2007, but they occurred in mainly university-age groups who had not been eligible for the second MMR dose.

Analyses of immunity
The U.S. was particularly hard hit, racking up more than 6,500 mumps cases in 2006. Several analyses of the durability of mumps immunity followed, and were presented at the recent joint Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy (ICAAC) and the annual meeting of the Infectious Diseases Society of America (IDSA).

Those studies suggested that waning immunity may have been one of the factors that contributed to the outbreak.

“We’re actively starting a project to understand the immune response to a third dose” of MMR or monovalent mumps vaccine, said Dr. Jane Seward, deputy director of the division of viral diseases in the National Center for Immunization and Respiratory Diseases of the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).

“If we see outbreaks again like we did in 2006, especially on college campuses where there was a lot of transmission, we would consider offering a third dose during an outbreak,” she told a news conference at the meeting.

“That would be the first potential use to try to understand if a third dose is effective in controlling an outbreak. Then if we had ongoing mumps, we may be forced to look at changing policy. But our epidemiology right now doesn’t dictate that.

Source: The Medical Post, 24 March 2009.


City health officials are urging unvaccinated students at Northeastern University to get immunized against mumps after four students have shown signs consistent with the once-common childhood illness.

Dr. Anita Barry, director of infectious diseases at the Boston Public Health Commission, says laboratory results are not yet back to confirm whether the four have mumps. She says two of the students recently returned from Ireland, where there has been a mumps outbreak.

Barry says it is likely there will be more cases because the illness can be easily spread. She says all four students have medical records showing they received the mumps vaccine.

Source: The Associated Press, 17th April 2009.

Increasing Number Of Mumps Cases In Adults

The HSE is extending its MMR vaccine to fifth and sixth year secondary students because of an increasing number of cases of mumps in young adults.

Almost 2,000 cases have been reported since January, in comparison with 128 in the same period last year.

Mumps is an acute viral illness that causes fever, headache and painful swollen glands.

Source: The Belfast Telegraph, 20th April 2009.

Mumps Outbreak. 62% of Cases Had Two Doses of MMR

Kissing, sharing cigarettes and athletes drinking out of each other’s water bottles may explain why the mumps outbreak is growing among teenagers and young adults.

The outbreak at Nipissing University and Canadore College last month — traced to someone who travelled outside of the country — has spread to West Nipissing, with a total of 13 confirmed cases in the district, said Dr. Jim Chirico, medical officer of health with the North Bay Parry Sound District Health Unit.

Anyone born after 1992 likely received two doses of the MMR (mumps, measles, rubella) vaccine, while people born between 1970 to 1992 may have only received one dose and can get a catch-up vaccination.

Two vaccination clinics are planned in West Nipissing.

Chirico said 62% of cases in the district involve people who received both doses, while the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention has seen that in about 72% of cases.

“One of the theories is that the virus has mutated. That’s possible. Other possibilities could be that the vaccine wears off in a shorter period of time than we had anticipated,” Chirico said.

Source: North Bay Nugget, 9 December 2009.

83% of Mumps Cases in Outbreak Were Fully Vaccinated

Stemming from an initial mumps outbreak that wreaked havoc at a Jewish camp this summer, 247 New York City residents plus 131 other state residents have since contracted the disease, which remains mostly contained among fervently Orthodox adolescent boys in pockets of New York, New Jersey and Quebec, according to official reports from the New York City and State Departments of Health.
The trigger case occurred back in June, when an 11-year-old boy returned to his Sullivan County summer camp after traveling in the United Kingdom, where an ongoing outbreak has now reached about 4,000 cases, the Centers for Disease Control reported.

From there, the mumps spread to 24 other boys at the camp and continued to plague their local communities when they returned
home, and the median age of patients remains around 14.
But perhaps the most frustrating news to some parents is that most of the affected patients had received their proper two-dose vaccination as children — 83 percent, according to the CDC.

“This is a very confusing issue not only for ourselves but for providers and parents,” said Cindy Schulte vaccine-preventable disease surveillance officer at the New York State Department of Health.

Source: The Jewish Week, 1st December 2009.

My Son Had MMR Vaccine….So Why Did He Wake Up With Mumps This Morning?

I get it. Scientists last week published in a medical journal the retraction of an infamous 1998 study that had linked the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine to autism. Here’s what I don’t get. My own son had the vaccine, so why on earth did he wake up with the mumps this morning? Now for the rest of the story.

Saturday night, my 15 year old son finished shoveling the few inches of snow on the sidewalk. He comes in and says “Dad my jaw is hurting on the right side”. A little later he says he thinks he has fever and he has the pink eye look. I first thought that this is strep throat or pink eye but his throat wasn’t hurting and pink eye couldn’t explain his high fever. After much interrogation, finally my son perks up and says that he had sat next to a classmate who was rumored to have mumps. I look at my son and I said to him “I don’t see any mumps on you.”

Since I really wasn’t sure what were the symptoms of mumps, I Googled the word mumps. The first result was a Google Health page with everything one could possibly want to know about mumps.

The Overview: Mumps is a contagious disease that leads to painful swelling of the salivary glands. The salivary glands produce saliva, a liquid that moistens food and helps you chew and swallow.

Now lets review the symptoms:

* Face pain – he’s got that
* Fever – he’s got that
* Headache – he’s got that
* Sore throat – not really
* Swelling of the parotid glands – not sure about this, but his ear is bothering him a bit.
* Swelling of the temples or jaw – he’s got that. OMG – we realize how swollen it is, this was the clincher.

Other symptoms of this disease that can occur in males:

* Testicle lump – we won’t go there
* Testicle pain – we won’t go there
* Scrotal swelling – we won’t go there

Thanks Google, he’s got the mumps. Now, please answer if we need to go to the doctor? After all, you say “There is no specific treatment for mumps. Ice or heat packs applied to the neck area and acetaminophen (Tylenol) may help relieve pain”. We went to the doctor this morning and we regret not listening to Google. After waiting in isolation for 1.5 hours, the doctor takes one look at his jaw and says MUMPS. Nothing we can do. Take Motrin and rest for 9-14 days. Bye. As we are getting into the car, the nurse comes running out, “oh, the state requires we draw blood for mumps.”

So, I can assume that some level of government knows about the resurgence of mumps on kids and adults who already were vaccinated. Where is the outcry of the CDC? Code red, orange or any other color?

Source: Spotlight, 7 February 2010.

Rabbi’s Vaccinated Son Gets Mumps

Rabbi Yehunda Pirutinsky was surprised when his 14-year-old son was diagnosed with mumps a week ago. Lakewood is in Ocean County.

“He was completely vaccinated,” Pirutinsky said. “So it was a surprise to us he came down with mumps.”

Anyone fully vaccinated from mumps receives two doses of the vaccine, according to the CDC. Of the New Jersey cases, 77 percent were vaccinated, Terjesen said.

But the vaccine is not 100 percent effective, according to the CDC. At two doses, the vaccine is 76 to 95 percent effective, the CDC says on its Web site.

In November, the CDC called the spike in mumps cases, “the largest U.S. mumps outbreak since 2006, when the United States experienced a resurgence of mumps with 6,584 reported cases.” Then, only 179 people were sickened in New York and New Jersey.

Source: CNN Health, 8 February 2010.

Mumps Vaccine Doesn’t Work But You Still ‘Need’ It Anyway!

The mumps vaccine, routinely given to young children, offers those who get the shot less protection against the infectious disease as they grow older, and does not always prevent them from getting it, especially when they are in close quarters, as in yeshivot or in the military, according the Health Ministry’s chief epidemiologist, Dr. Paul Slater.

Since the beginning of January, there have been 525 cases of the mumps in Israel. The new outbreak began as a result of a haredi child who attended a Jewish summer camp in Monsey and New Square, New York, and later spread to Israel.

Slater said that the mumps, which can cause complications, is very infectious and spreads via droplets from the nose and mouth. The outbreak has reached not only Israel’s haredi community, but also the IDF, he said.

Israel and other Western countries used to give children only one mumps vaccination, but in recent years, it has been changed to two shots, said Slater. Even so, “the mumps vaccine is weaker than other viral vaccines” and doesn’t protect all those who have been vaccinated, he said.

Source: The Jerusalem Post, 8 February 2010

CDC Says Vast Majority of Mumps Outbreaks are in the Vaccinated, Yet They Still Push Vaccines!

Outbreak Reports:

Sullivan County, New York:

A total of 25 cases were reported among camp attendees and staff members. The median age of patients was 12 years (range: 9–30 years), and all were male. Of the 24 patients for whom vaccination status was reported, 20 (83%) had received age-appropriate vaccination with 2 doses, one (4%) had received partial age-appropriate vaccination with 1 dose, and three (13%) were unvaccinated. The attack rate in this camp was approximately 6% (25 of 400).

Brooklyn, New York:

Of the 61 patients (77%) for whom vaccine is recommended and vaccination status and age were reported, 47 (77%) had received age-appropriate vaccination, six (10%) had received partial age-appropriate vaccination, and eight (13%) were unvaccinated.

Ocean County, New Jersey:

By October 30, a total of 40 cases had been reported. The median age of patients was 19.5 years (range: 1–65 years), and 83% were male. Mumps vaccination status was reported for 29 (73%) patients, of whom 28 (97%) had received age-appropriate vaccination.

Rockland County, New York:

The median age of patients was 12 years (range: 1–62 years), and 23 (85%) were male. Mumps vaccination status was reported for 19 (70%), of whom 11 had received age-appropriate vaccination, and two had received partial age-appropriate vaccination.

Orange County, New York:

Eight cases occurred among the travelers. The median age of patients was 18 years (range: 11–23 years), and five were male. Seven patients had received age-appropriate vaccination with 2 doses, and one was unvaccinated.

Quebec, Canada:

By October 30, 15 cases (patient age range: 8–47 years) from Montreal and the Laurentian region of the province had been reported to the Public Health Agency of Canada. All patients were male, and 11 had documented vaccination with at least 1 dose of mumps-containing vaccine.

During June 28–October 30, five cases outside the affected religious community were reported. Two cases occurred in New York City, and three occurred in Ocean County, New Jersey. The two New York City patients were a man aged 40 years who had probable worksite exposures to members of the affected community and a boy aged 4 years who had no identified exposure. The three New Jersey cases were patients aged 17, 29, and 66 years who had no identified exposures. Two of the five patients had received 2 documented doses of mumps-containing vaccine, one had received 2 undocumented doses, and two had unknown vaccination status.

Epidemiologic Summary:

Of the 178 (99%) patients whose sex is known, 149 (84%) are male. The median age of the 178 patients for whom age is known is 14 years (range: 8 months–84 years). Of the 141 patients (79%) for whom vaccine is recommended and vaccination status and age were reported, 113 (80%) had received age-appropriate vaccination, nine (6%) had received partial age-appropriate vaccination, and 19 (13%) were unvaccinated (Table). Of the 141 patients, 102 (72%) had received 2 doses, 20 (14%) 1 dose, and 19 (13%) zero doses.

Source: MMWR,
November 12, 2009 / 58(Dispatch);1-4.

So there you have it, 86% had been vaccinated, 13% not vaccinated and the other 1% unknown!

Continuous viral circulation at the national level despite high vaccine coverage.

Although the WHO recommends genotyping as a tool for mumps epidemiological surveillance, limited data on mumps genotype circulation is available to trace the patterns of virus spread. We described the first complete series of data from Spain. The small hydrophobic region was sequenced from 237 mumps virus (MV) positive samples from several regions of Spain, collected between 1996 and 2007. Six different genotypes were identified: A, C, D (D1), G (G1, G2), H (H1, H2), and J). Genotype H1 was predominant during the 1999-2003 epidemic but was replaced by genotype G1 as the dominant genotype in the 2005-2007 epidemic. The same genotype G1 strain caused concomitant outbreaks in different parts of the world (USA, Canada and UK). The remaining genotypes (A, C, D or J) appeared in sporadic cases or small limited outbreaks. This pattern of circulation seems to reflect continuous viral circulation at the national level despite high vaccine coverage.

Source: J. Clin. Microbiol. doi:10.1128/JCM.02386-09.

Vaccinated Kiryas Joel Teen Boys Show Highest Risk For Mumps

As many as 557 people have gotten mumps in Kiryas Joel since an outbreak began at a Sullivan County camp last summer and spread to ultra-Orthodox Jewish communities in the tri-state area and Canada, health officials say.

Teenage boys have been most prone to the virus. What has surprised health officials is that most patients had gotten their two recommended vaccination shots, leading to speculation that their immunity had waned since getting the second dose at around age 5.

“Kiryas Joel is very well-immunized,” said Dr. Jean Hudson, the Orange County health commissioner.

Nurses provided by her office and New York state recently finished giving free booster shots of vaccine to some 1,800 boys and girls in sixth grade or higher in religious schools in the Satmar Hasidic community. The vaccinations were voluntary and only for kids who previously had their two shots; the state Department of Health provided the doses.

Source: Times-Herald Record, 12 February 2010.

Mumps Vaccine is Destroying Natural Immunity and Causing Potentially Serious Disease in Adults

Mumps is a formerly common childhood illness with an average age of infection from five to nine years. Prior to the wide distribution of the mumps vaccine in 1967, more than 90% of the American population had developed natural antibodies, which protected them from developing mumps, by age 15. Most young children contracted mild cases of mumps which gave them lifetime immunity from the disease in the future.

Since 1967, the incidence of mumps has dropped precipitously, although it has been steadily rising since the inception of vaccination. At first glance, this appears to be a medical success. A very small number of mumps cases resulted in hearing loss and other more severe complications. With fewer cases of mumps reported, there should be a corresponding drop of serious mumps complications.

This has not been the case in the United States. The mumps outbreak in the Northeast shows why. When mumps was a rampant childhood illness, the vast majority of children was exposed to it and developed natural protections. Now that mumps is not often encountered, the only protection is the mumps vaccine, which the CDC lists as being 76-95% effective after the recommended two doses. Health officials in New York report that 77% of the 1,000 cases of mumps had been fully immunized. That represents a high vaccine failure rate, especially when taking into consideration the fact that mumps is one of the least contagious diseases in the country.

The danger of shifting a relatively harmless childhood illness to a young adult illness is serious. Most of the more extreme side effects of mumps are experienced by young adults. In children, mumps can cause minor swelling of the salivary glands, along with fever and, occasionally, rash. In older people, mumps can be responsible for serious or even permanent conditions. It can cause abortions in pregnant women and swelling of the brain stem for both men and women. Had the patients in the current outbreak been exposed to mumps at a younger age, they would have been immune from contracting it today.

Source: Associated Content, 9 February 2010.

Mumps Outbreak in UK, All Were Vaccinated Except One

Twenty-three cases of clinical mumps in young people have been reported in North Wales over a five-week period since late December 2008. All cases have social links, and most of them have received two doses of mumps-containing vaccine.

The first case reported on 27 December was a student in Manchester where, as confirmed by the Health Protection Unit, a number of mumps cases have occurred among students in recent weeks. They received an increase in notifications in the first week of December 2008 which peaked in the second week of December, and it is plausible that the student was infected at this time. Transmission from this case probably occurred at a Young Farmers party held on Anglesey on the 27 December 2008. Members of two local Young Farmers groups were invited, comprising around 50 young people aged 13 to 27 years.

An unusual feature of this outbreak is that 20 of the cases had received two doses of the measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) vaccine and two cases had had one dose. The only unvaccinated case was a 37 year-old patient who was too old to have been offered MMR as a child. Most cases appear to be mild, with no reports to date of orchitis or other complications.


Mumps in Vaccinated Boy

The local health unit has confirmed a case of the mumps in a nine-year-old boy at Northwood elementary school.

The Windsor-Essex County Health Unit said the public school board has been notified of the case and the child is no longer going to classes.

The boy had received an immunization shot for the illness outside of Windsor and Essex County, but the procedure was either incomplete or inadequate.

Source: The Windsor Star, 13 March 2010.

Mumps vaccine associated orchitis (swelling of the testicle)


We report 3 cases of orchitis following vaccination with mumps–measles–rubella (MMR) vaccine, two with an onset within 3 days following vaccination. Orchitis is a common complication of mumps infection, particularly in post-pubertal males, and is also recognized as a very rare complication of mumps vaccination. These cases, discussed together with a comprehensive review of the existing literature regarding post-vaccine orchitis, highlight uncertainty regarding the pathogenesis of post-vaccine orchitis.

Source: Vaccine, Volume 28, Issue 14, 19 March 2010, Pages 2671-2673.

Four Cases of Mumps, all Cases were Fully Vaccinated

Plattsburgh State has another confirmed case of the mumps.

That brings the total to four confirmed cases and five pending lab results, compared to three confirmed and three suspected when the outbreak was announced.

University health officials said the students with confirmed and pending cases had been fully vaccinated against the mumps.

“We can’t give an answer as to why we are seeing mumps,” said Dr. Kathleen Camelo, director of the Center for Student Health and Psychological Services at Plattsburgh State.

“We don’t know if the virus mutated or if there is a problem with the vaccine.”

Source: Press Republican, 22 March 2010.

Mumps outbreak in a highly vaccinated student population


In September 2004 a mumps outbreak occurred at an international hotel school in The Netherlands. We investigated this outbreak to identify risk factors for mumps. There were 105 mumps cases (overall mumps attack rate (AR) 12% (95% CI: 10–15%)). The AR for Dutch vaccinated and unvaccinated participants was 12% (95% CI: 10–15%) and 15% (95% CI: 3–42%), respectively. Independent risk factor was mumps contact. Explanations for the relatively high AR among vaccinated participants include primary vaccine failure, waning immunity and incomplete vaccine-induced immunity in the context of high mumps virus exposure in a school party and a crowded boarding school.

Source: Vaccine, Volume 28, Issue 17, 9 April 2010, Pages 2932-2936.

Mumps Cases – 58% had been Vaccinated

Quebec is in the midst of a minor outbreak of mumps in certain communities, the Montreal Public Health Department reported Thursday.

There have been 239 cases in Quebec in five months, according to Rue Frontenac, a Montreal-based news website.

A spokesperson for the Montreal Public Health Department was not immediately available to comment, but a document on the department’s website said there have been cases in Montreal’s Orthodox Jewish community and in certain Aboriginal communities in the Outaouais and in Cree villages near James Bay.

There were 33 cases reported in Montreal as of Feb. 24 and 58 per cent of those individuals had received at least one dose of vaccine, according to the health department. Some people in Montreal who were sick had contact with relatives in New York State and New Jersey, where there 1,529 cases as of Jan. 29.

Read more:

Mumps Epidemic in Fully Vaccinated People

The Department of Public Health and Social Services said it is through investigation that it found the number of mumps cases on island had grown.

Rita Oliva, acting supervisor for Public Health’s Immunization Program, said once the department gets reports of the number of mumps cases from every clinic on-island, an investigator checks in with physicians to learn the progress of the patients.

The investigator then calls the patients’ homes to find out how long they have been sick and if there are other people at the premises with an illness.

“That’s how we found out there were probable cases,” Oliva said. “They never went to see a doctor. We just don’t know when it began because many people haven’t gone to seek medical attention, and the symptoms may have been mild.”
More than 100 cases

On Thursday, Public Health issued a release stating that since January, there were more than 100 cases of the mumps reported on island. It added that new cases are being reported daily.

Mumps is a contagious viral illness with fever, headache, muscle aches, tiredness and painful swelling of the salivary glands under the ears as its symptoms.

Two epidemiologists from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention are currently on island helping Public Health manage the outbreak.

Amy Parker, a CDC epidemiologist, said researchers are finding that people who are up to date with the two doses of the measles, mumps and rubella vaccine are still getting mumps disease.

She said the outbreak isn’t unique to Guam, as 3,000 mumps cases have been reported in the northeastern U.S.

Parker said the outbreak is among individuals who have received two doses of the MMR vaccine, and are in close contact with one another. She said that close contact could be fueling transmission here.


VAN UK’s Comment: If the vaccinated person is getting the disease from close contact with a person with mumps, surely that proves that vaccines don’t work?


beach671b wrote:
Both my kids got it and their necks to their ears were swollen.

The doc said it can’t be mumps because they had the vaccine. We still think it was the mumps. It is VERY under reported here.
4/24/2010 4:45:46 AM

Immunity Fears after Probe into Oban Mumps Outbreak

AN INVESTIGATION into a mumps outbreak at Oban has revealed “concerning” figures indicating some waning local immunity to the Measles Mumps and Rubella (MMR) vaccine.

The outbreak mainly affected young people in their teens and 20s.

It is thought to have spread initially through social mixing over the Christmas and New Year period when local young people were visiting their families.

The investigation shows that of the 140 cases recorded during the outbreak between December and February, 44% had received two doses of MMR, 28% had received one dose and 25% had not been immunised with MMR.

The figures will be discussed at the NHS Highland Board meeting in Inverness next Tuesday.

A report to the board states: “This suggests some waning mumps immunity from MMR vaccine. Our work has now been published in Eurosurveillance (the European scientific journal devoted to the epidemiology, surveillance, prevention and control of communicable diseases).”

Oban councillor Elaine Robertson, who is also a board member of NHS Highland, said: “It does have to be investigated because these figures are not what we would have expected.

“This obviously raises concerns and is worthy of greater investigation.

“When this comes up I will be asking how we take this forward. Obviously they have done a thorough investigation into the background.

“It is of interest and concern to everyone, not just the locality of Oban. This is something which would be looked into across the whole of the UK and also the world really.”

Source: The Press and Journal, 30th March 2011.

All UC Berkeley mumps patients had two vaccinations

Hundreds of UC Berkeley students and employees lined up outside the campus health center Thursday for free vaccinations after a mumps outbreak infected up to 20 students.

A spokeswoman for the health center said the university and state public-health officials expected to vaccinate more than 1,000 people by the time the clinic closed at 6 p.m. The university will hold another free clinic from noon to 6 p.m. Oct. 14.

The state Department of Public Health was monitoring the rare outbreak this week. A department spokesman said he had no update on the number of students infected. Seven cases had been confirmed and 13 other students were being tested.

Although health officials initially wondered whether the outbreak started with students who had not been vaccinated, a spokeswoman for the city of Berkeley said all the patients had received the two recommended doses before becoming ill. Three vaccinations are recommended for people living and working on college campuses, a city health official said.

Source: Contra Costa Times, 7th October 2011.

Mumps epidemic forces French to postpone games

he rough and tumble of macho French league rugby has been curtailed by an unexpected source — an epidemic of mumps.

The virus, normally associated with children, has forced the French rugby union league (LNR) to postpone next weekend’s Basque derby between Biarritz and Bayonne after another Top 14 game was called off for the same reason.

“Because of an epidemic of mumps within the Lyon squad (…) the LNR has decided, as a precaution, to postpone the Biarritz v Bayonne game,” the LNR said in a statement on Monday.

The LNR explained it made the decision to avoid possible contamination by the Biarritz players as they faced Lyon on Oct. 22.

The Bordeaux v Lyon game was postponed last week because Lyon players were suffering from mumps.

Source: Reuters, 31st October 2011.

VAN UK’s Comment: If they’d just had mumps as kids instead of the vaccine, they would have avoided this, and the heightened risk of testicular swelling and encephalitis in adult men.

13 University Students Get Mumps, ALL were Vaccinated

The outbreak of the mumps at Fordham University has spread from one campus to another.

There are now 13 reported cases, 12 at the Rose Hill campus in the Bronx and one at the Lincoln Center campus in Manhattan.

The symptoms are similar to the flu, but the virus can also cause painful swelling.

All of the infected patients had the mumps vaccine, but doctors say it’s not 100 percent effective.

Infected students have been either isolated or sent home.

– UHS saw 1 case in January, 4 cases on Feb. 18; 3 cases on Feb. 19 and 5 cases on Feb. 20.

– All the students with suspected mumps infections have either returned home or have been isolated from other residents during the infectious phase of the illness.

– All Fordham students are required to have full vaccinations before attending the University, including the vaccination for mumps, measles, and rubella (MMR).

– All of the students who were tentatively diagnosed with mumps had been vaccinated. Vaccinations do not offer 100 percent protection, however, vaccination is still strongly recommended.

Source: ABC Local, 21st February 2014 –

Fordham University Mumps Sufferers Vaccinated, But They’re Still Barring the Unaffected, Unvaccinated and Forcing Them to Take a Useless Shot

Another news report about the 13 vaccinated mumps cases said:

‘As of Feb. 20, the university had 13 suspected cases of mumps in its Lincoln Center campus in Manhattan and Rose Hill campus in The Bronx.

Most kids in the United States receive mumps-containing vaccine but vaccination does not give guarantee that the disease will be avoided. “Studies suggest that the mumps vaccine is 80% to 90% effective,” the NYC Health Department said. “That means that for every 100 people vaccinated, 80 to 90 of them will be fully protected, but 10 to 20 are at risk for the disease.”

Health experts also said that vaccination does not give 100 percent protection. Dana Saltzman, a disease specialist, said that virus-induced immunity against a disease can wane. “The immunity that’s induced by the virus starts to wane. They believe that it holds until at least late teenage years, but then it starts to wane,” Saltzman said. “There’s no way to predict who’s going to lose their immunity or not.”

As precautionary measure, Fordham is requiring all students to have full vaccination including vaccination for the mumps, measles and rubella (MMR) before they can attend the university. The immunization records of all students have also been reviewed and those who are unvaccinated will not be allowed to return to campus unless they get vaccinated.

Source: Tech Times, 25th February 2014 –

Confirmed mumps cases in Columbia now up to seven – all students vaccinated

Less than two weeks after alerting the community to a possible mumps outbreak, confirmed cases have now jumped up to seven, according to the Boone County Health Department.

All seven confirmed cases are University of Missouri students.

The number could continue to grow, as the Health Department says it is waiting for lab test results from at least three other students.

All seven students were vaccinated.

Right now, it’s unclear where the virus originated.

Source: ABC 17 News, 30th July 2015.

Confirmed mumps cases in Columbia now up to seven

Vaccinated Football Player Gets Mumps

Neymar has been diagnosed with the mumps. This comes as a bit of surprise because the Brazilian striker was previously vaccinated. The mumps is a very contagious disease, so head coach Luis Enrique is taking precautions.

Barcelona had the following statement: “The first team medical staff at FC Barcelona has announced on Sunday that Neymar will be out for two weeks after being diagnosed with parotitis (mumps), despite the fact that he had previously been vaccinated against the disease.”

Because of the unexpected news, Neymar will miss the 2015 UEFA Super Cup against Sevilla.

Source: Latin Post, 11 August 2015.

Vaccinated Football Player Gets Mumps

Five Vaccinated, Two Unvaccinated Students Get Mumps

even students at Indianola High School have been diagnosed with mumps or a similar illness since the end of December.

Des Moines television station KCCI ( ) reports that the first case was discovered just before Christmas break. Since then three other lab-confirmed cases have been reported along with three probable cases.

Authorities say two of the seven students were not vaccinated.

Source:, 13th January 2016.

Five Vaccinated Get Mumps

ISU deals with mumps outbreak again

Illinois State University is dealing with its second mumps outbreak on campus this school year.

Four cases of the mumps were confirmed Friday on the Illinois State University campus.

Another two people are infected within McLean County.

ISU officials said they are looking into a few more cases on campus, but right now, there is no need to panic.

“It was pretty scary,” said ISU freshman, Emma Hanson. “I’ve never dealt with mumps before. The worst thing I’ve had is the flu. I don’t know if there’s a mumps vaccine or anything.”

ISU students are being extra careful when it comes to germs.

Most are vaccinated for the mumps disease but it doesn’t always work.

Source: CIN News Now, 5th February 2016.

ISU deals with mumps outbreak again

Mumps alert up in Harvard, Louisiana Universities

Louisiana Students Mandated to Get Two MMR’s, Harvard Uni Says Vaccinated Can Still Get Disease but after They are Infected They Will be Immune. Well Yes, It’s Called Natural Immunity!?!

School officials of Harvard University, University of Louiseville (UofL), University of Kentucky (UK) and Belgrade Schools reported separate confirmed cases of mumps in its students, totalling 14 as of Wednesday, March 2.

Six of the cases are from Harvard, one in UofL and three in UK. Belgrade has four confirmed cases from its grade school and middle school, while the numbers in Indiana University are still pending.

The spread of mumps virus in campuses, according to Dr. Phillip Bressoud and director of the UofL Campus Health Services, can be pointed to the continuous movement of students across schools and universities both in the U.S. and other countries when they attend sports events and other inter-school activities.

Bressoud added that the student who contracted the virus in UofL came from University of Kentucky and have brought the virus that lingered in its system when it entered UofL campus. He lives in off-campus housing.

In Harvard, two of the six cases were an undergraduate student and a graduate student at the Harvard Divinity School, said Paul J. Barreira, Harvard’s director of University Health Services. They are currently evaluating the cause and scope of the infection.

Mumps is a viral disease that causes puffy cheeks and swollen jaw due to swollen salivary glands. Those who catch the virus will have fever, headache and muscle ache, feeling of tiredness and swollen glands under the ears on one or both sides.

The contagious disease is spread through body fluids like saliva and mucus from the nose, throat and mouth. Thus, transmission happens during talking, coughing, sneezing, kissing, touching, sharing of utensils and other objects.

Prevention of mumps is basically by vaccination such as MMR (mumps-measles-rubella) and by practice of proper hygiene.

Barreira warns though that the vaccinated person may still get infected but will get immunized to the virus after the infection.

Bressoud said: “All vaccines have a certain percentage of people who won’t respond and it varies from percentages. With the MMR vaccine, it’s about 10 percent. Thus, UofL students are required to take two doses of MMR.”

Practice of proper hygiene is the other prevention measure that is too basic. It means covering one’s nose when coughing and sneezing, washing of hands, disposal of tissues, etc. Intimate gestures and not sharing of glasses, utensils and water bottles.

All mumps infected are to be isolated for about five days to avoid the spread.

Source: Star Mine News, 3rd March 2016.

Mumps in Vaccinated Uni Students

Mumps alert up in Harvard, Louisiana Universities

Louisiana Students Mandated to Get Two MMR’s, Harvard Uni Says Vaccinated Can Still Get Disease but after They are Infected They Will be Immune. Well Yes, It’s Called Natural Immunity!?!

School officials of Harvard University, University of Louiseville (UofL), University of Kentucky (UK) and Belgrade Schools reported separate confirmed cases of mumps in its students, totalling 14 as of Wednesday, March 2.

Six of the cases are from Harvard, one in UofL and three in UK. Belgrade has four confirmed cases from its grade school and middle school, while the numbers in Indiana University are still pending.

The spread of mumps virus in campuses, according to Dr. Phillip Bressoud and director of the UofL Campus Health Services, can be pointed to the continuous movement of students across schools and universities both in the U.S. and other countries when they attend sports events and other inter-school activities.

Bressoud added that the student who contracted the virus in UofL came from University of Kentucky and have brought the virus that lingered in its system when it entered UofL campus. He lives in off-campus housing.

In Harvard, two of the six cases were an undergraduate student and a graduate student at the Harvard Divinity School, said Paul J. Barreira, Harvard’s director of University Health Services. They are currently evaluating the cause and scope of the infection.

Mumps is a viral disease that causes puffy cheeks and swollen jaw due to swollen salivary glands. Those who catch the virus will have fever, headache and muscle ache, feeling of tiredness and swollen glands under the ears on one or both sides.

The contagious disease is spread through body fluids like saliva and mucus from the nose, throat and mouth. Thus, transmission happens during talking, coughing, sneezing, kissing, touching, sharing of utensils and other objects.

Prevention of mumps is basically by vaccination such as MMR (mumps-measles-rubella) and by practice of proper hygiene.

Barreira warns though that the vaccinated person may still get infected but will get immunized to the virus after the infection.

Bressoud said: “All vaccines have a certain percentage of people who won’t respond and it varies from percentages. With the MMR vaccine, it’s about 10 percent. Thus, UofL students are required to take two doses of MMR.”

Practice of proper hygiene is the other prevention measure that is too basic. It means covering one’s nose when coughing and sneezing, washing of hands, disposal of tissues, etc. Intimate gestures and not sharing of glasses, utensils and water bottles.

All mumps infected are to be isolated for about five days to avoid the spread.

Source: Star Mine News, 3rd March 2016.

Mumps in Vaccinated Uni Students

Arkansas hit by mumps outbreak – only among the vaccinated. 98 Cases, 67 Confirmed by Tests, All in the Vaccinated

Back to school, feels like back to Mumps season.

It appears that with the return to school and in light of mandatory vaccination laws, increased pressure by physicians to get vaccines, and of course vaccine shedding, Big Pharma is seemingly bringing back Mumps to our nation’s children.

“In the last 15 years the highest number (in Arkansas) we’ve had was 14,” said Dr. Dirk Haselow.

Luckily, for those children that have not been vaccinated, the same false sense of security doesn’t seem to apply. Avoiding germs and proper hygiene appear to be the best way to avoid Mumps, not relying on a controversial and highly ineffective MMR vaccine.

As of Monday, the Arkansas Department of Health was following 98 cases. 67 of those had been confirmed through tests.

The Arkansas Dept. of Health says they have seen no cases of the Mumps in people who aren’t immunized.

After a Mumps case was detected at a school in Fayetteville, the school was cleaned and flu shots were offered.

The district also said their records show none of the students in the sick child’s class have exemptions for the mumps vaccine.

The witch hunt is clearly on to try and pin this on an unvaccinated child, rather than face the failed efficacy of the Merck MMR vaccine.

As a precaution, Health Department is also requiring students who are not vaccinated to remain out of school until they have either had the vaccine or for a period up to 26 days.

Source:, 13th September 2016.

Mumps resurgence in Denmark.



The past decade has witnessed a resurgence of parotitisvirus (mumps) in several countries where seemingly good mumps control otherwise had been achieved through vaccination. Recently detection of mumps has increased in Denmark.


To describe the age-specific changes and time trends of parotitisvirus detection in Denmark over a 10 year period.


Retrospective cohort study based on national laboratory data for parotitisvirus typing surveillance and national epidemiology data for mumps reporting.


The parotitisvirus detection rate has increased almost 10 times during the past 10 years from an incidence <0.1 per 100,000 in 2003 to 0.96 per 100,000 in 2013. The age distribution has shifted from children to young adults, and most cases are unvaccinated (54%) or vaccinated once (41%). The increase is due mainly to the existence of cohorts with low MMR vaccine coverage.


Analysis of mumps surveillance data from Denmark documents that the incidence of mumps is increasing, and that the resurgence of parotitisvirus is primarily occurring among young Danish adults. Almost half of the infected clinical mumps cases had received the first dose of MMR.

Source: J Clin Virol. 2014 Nov;61(3):435-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jcv.2014.08.013. Epub 2014 Aug 27.

Low vaccine efficacy of mumps component among MMR vaccine recipients in Chennai, India.


Introduction of MMR vaccine was believed to have resulted in a decline in the incidence of measles, mumps and rubella infections. However, recent reports suggest the re-emergence of mumps infection worldwide in the vaccinated populations. It was proposed that the reason for this re-emergence was poor efficacy of MMR vaccine. The present study was aimed to investigate mumps infection in MMR vaccinated and non-vaccinated populations in Chennai, India. Blood samples were collected from acute mumps cases (n=74, 42<12 yr age, 54% males) and investigated for IgM antibody against mumps, IgG antibody against measles, mumps and rubella viruses by ELISA. Sixty seven (91%) patients had received MMR vaccine. All the 67 vaccinated cases were positive for parotitis, and mumps IgM. However, only 10 (15%) were positive for IgG. All samples (100%) were positive for rubella and measles IgG. These findings showed the occurrence of mumps infection among MMR vaccinated individuals in Chennai, India. The MMR vaccine failed to generate anti-mumps IgG. The reason may be low vaccine efficacy of the mumps component of the MMR vaccine used.

Source: Indian J Med Res. 2014 May;139(5):773-5.

Epidemiology and the economic assessment of a mumps outbreak in a highly vaccinated population, Orange County, New York, 2009-2010.


Studies assessing the economic burden of a mumps outbreak in a highly vaccinated population are limited. The Orange County Health Department (OCHD), New York State Department of Health (NYS DOH), and the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducted a mumps investigation in an affected village with a highly vaccinated population. To understand the epidemiology, standardized mumps case definition and active surveillance were used to identify mumps cases. In addition, an economic assessment of a combined outbreak investigation and third dose measles-mumps-rubella (MMR) vaccine intervention conducted by OCHD and NYS DOH was performed; estimated by retrospectively evaluating public health response-related activities including use of a third dose of MMR vaccine. From September 24, 2009, through June 15, 2010, 790 mumps cases were reported-64% were male and highest attack rate was among 11-17 year age group (99.1 cases per 1000 individuals). Of the 658 cases with known vaccination history, 83.6% had documentation of 2 doses of mumps containing vaccine. No deaths were reported. The 2 major exposure settings were schools (71.8%) and households (22.5%). Approximately 7736 h of public health personnel time were expended with the total approximate cost of US $463,000, including US $34,392 for MMR vaccine-the estimated cost per household was US $827. Mumps continues to be endemic in many parts of the world, resulting in importations into the United States. Large mumps outbreaks similar to this in highly vaccinated populations may require considerable investigation and control activities.

Source: Hum Vaccin Immunother. 2014;10(5):1373-81. doi: 10.4161/hv.28389. Epub 2014 Mar 14.

One Mumps Case and Two Suspected Cases in Vaccinated Students

Mumps case confirmed at University of Maryland

2 other suspected cases found

One confirmed and two suspected cases of mumps have been confirmed at the University of Maryland, the campus said Friday.

In a letter to faculty, staff and students, the campus said that each case involves students and may be linked.

“This is no cause for alarm,” the university said in a prepared remarks.

All students are required to be immunized against mumps, but the vaccination is not 100 percent effective.

Symptoms indicating a virus infection includes fever, headache, body aches, pain and swelling of the salivary glands at the jaw. Symptoms most often occur within 12 to 25 days of exposure.

The virus can be transmitted through contact with saliva.


WBAL TV, 23rd September 2016.

Mumps count rises in week after outbreak – All Cases Vaccinated

Since November 1, there have been five confirmed cases of mumps among the Bowdoin student body. As of press time, there are no further suspected cases.

All five students with confirmed cases of mumps received both parts of the measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) vaccine (the initial shot at age one, and the booster at age five). The MMR vaccine is 88 percent effective, according to Director of Health Services Dr. Jeffrey Maher.

Source: The Bowdoin Orient, 11 November 2016.

Four Fully Vaccinated Students Get Mumps

Four SUNY Geneseo students have confirmed cases of the mumps. These four students did have the proper two dose vaccination, which is supposed to immunize a person from the virus.

Dr. Steven Radi, medical director of health services at SUNY Geneseo, says 15 students who have not received the vaccine have been told to stay away from campus for about a month. But because the four students who got the mumps had been vaccinated, it’s hard to know who exactly is at risk.

“All four have received two doses of the measles, mumps, rubella vaccine. This is very common in the mumps outbreaks we’ve been seeing around the country. So that brings up the question of does the immunity wane over time? Is this a different strain of mumps vaccine, a variety?” says Radi.

Source: WXXI News, 23 November 2016.

9 King County patients confirmed to have mumps were vaccinated

King County health officials say nine patients with confirmed or probable mumps all had been vaccinated in what they are describing as an “emerging outbreak.”

In addition to those nine, the health department is investigating five more cases for possible mumps.

Public Health – Seattle & King County said eight of the nine mumps cases are among children between 8-17 years of age, with one adult who is 23 years old. No one has been hospitalized and all of the children have recovered. All of the children were up-to-date on MMR vaccine.

Source: Kiro 7, November 30th 2016

228 Vaccinated Students Get Mumps, All had 2 Doses of Vaccine. University Considering Giving Third Dose

111 Cases of Mumps – 7 Out of 10 Cases are Fully Vaccinated

The Washington State Department of Health (WSDH) has reported 129 mumps cases through Friday, including 111 in King County and twelve in Pierce County.

In King County, of the 111 cases, 39 are confirmed and 72 are considered probable. Three-quarters of those infected are in children 17 year of age and younger and seven out of 10 cases are reported as up-to-date on MMR vaccine.

Source: Outbreak News Today, 31 December 2016.

Washington state mumps outbreak the worst in the nation in late December

24 Cases of Mumps, 17 Cases were Already Vaccinated, 7 ‘unknown’.

There are 24 confirmed or probable cases of mumps in Spokane County, a sharp increase from a week ago when there were nine. Statewide there were 151 cases, more than the rest of the nation combined for the late December to early January reporting period, according to data from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

During a normal year, there are one or two mumps cases in Spokane County, said Mark Springer, a Spokane County Regional Health District epidemiologist.

“Our health care provider community has stepped up quite a bit,” Springer said. “Because again, this is a fairly rare disease to see in Spokane.”

There were seven confirmed mumps cases Tuesday in the Mead School District, a district spokesman said. In Spokane Public Schools there were eight confirmed cases and three probable cases on Wednesday.

Of the 24 cases, 17 of the people were fully vaccinated, and seven had an unknown vaccination status.

Source: The Spokesman Review, 11th January 2017.

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