Serogroup C meningococcal conjugate vaccines were introduced in Greece in 2001, and although no cases of serogroup C meningococcal disease were recorded in 2004, a steady increase was observed since 2005. In this study, serum bactericidal activity was assessed in sera of 269 vaccinated children at a mean time of about 5 years after vaccination. Non-protective antibody titers were observed in most children vaccinated at age 6 years followed by those between 6 and 10 this percentage was considerably lower in adolescents vaccinated at an age10 years (37.8%) (p < 0.01). Geometric mean concentrations of serum IgG antibodies against serogroup C showed a similar variation. The results indicate that serum bactericidal antibody titers significantly correlate with age of vaccination; most children do not have protective antibody titers few years after immunization in infancy and childhood.
Volume 27, Issue 33, 16 July 2009, Pages 4408-4411